Nouns are simily refered to as Naming words.Nouns name things e can ee a well as things we cannot see. Types of nouns include:
⦁ Proper nouns; are the names of people, places, organizations, days, months, or titles.
⦁ Abstract nouns; describe qualities or states of being.
⦁ Common nouns; are names used for general classes of people, places, or things.
⦁ Collective nouns; are names used for groups of animals, people, or things. eg. a herd of cattle,
Verbs are action words. They also show being or apperance. Verbs can take various forms like nouns and the form they take is determined by who is doing the action and when the action occurred.
Example: You play football every Sunday. The word ‘play is the verb and it i an action word.
Example of verbs showing being or appearance include: ‘is’ ‘be’, ‘becomes’, ‘seem’, ‘were’ and ‘appear’
eg. My brother is very fit.
We were happy yesterday.
Tense, in English is used to indicate time something occurred or will occur. There are even tense in English;
ii. Present perfect
iii. Present continuous
v. Future perfect
vii. Past perfect
When the action is happening now.. eg. She walks on the pavement. It is called present tense.
When the action was completed in the past.. eg. she walked on the pavement. It is called past tense.
When the action started in the past and has continued.. eg. She has walked on the pavement. it is called present perfect tense.
When the action occurred in the past before an action that also occurred in the past.. eg. She had walked on the pavement. It is called past perfect tense.
When the action will occur in the future.. eg. She will walk on the pavement. It is called future tense.
When the action will be completed by some time in the future.. eg. She will have walked on the pavement. It is called future ferfect tense.
If the action is continuing in the present.. eg. She is walking on the pavement. It is called present continuous tense.
Type of verbs
Auxiliary verbs; include, ‘do’, ‘me’ and ‘have’
Main verbs ; include, eat, talk, drink, walk etc. eg. we walk together. Talk to him.
Adjectives are words that discribe the quality or tell us something about a noun or pronoun.
eg. 1. Nice girl
2. Bad friend
3. Sweet potatoe
Adjectives come in 3 forms; they are:
The positve form just states the quality, the comparative form compares the quality of two things while the superlative compares the quality of 3 or more things
Positive : My car is neat.
Comparative: My car is neater than yours.
Superlative: My car is the neatest.
Adverbs modify verbs and usually end in – ly, but there are exceptions. adverbs also modify other adverbs and adjectives.
adverbs answer questons such as how?, how often? where? when?, they also show time , space and manner.
I need to run quickly if i’m to get there first.
Sola can drive the car really well
Preposition is a word used to show the relationship of nouns, pronouns or other words in a sentence. preposition cab tell time, position and means.
we should meet by 12pm.
I was at school all day
I traveled by car to Oyostate.
Common prepositions are: about, above, across, after, along, among, around, as, at, before, behind, below, beneath between, by, concerning, despite, during, for, from, into, like, of, off, outside, past, regarding, since, till, to, under, until, with.
Pronouns are used in place of nouns to avoid repetition. The three main types of pronouns are, personal,relative and indefinite pronouns.