Concise information on Covid -19 Infection , Symptoms and Treatment

COVID-19 is a global pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was first identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and has since spread to become a worldwide health emergency. As of March 2023, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports over 436 million confirmed cases and over 5.8 million deaths worldwide. COVID-19 has significantly impacted human health, economies, and social activities globally.


The virus spreads mainly through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes. These droplets can enter the body through the mouth, nose, or eyes of a person nearby or by touching contaminated surfaces and then touching the face. The virus can also spread through the air and can survive on surfaces for several days, making it highly contagious. The WHO recommends measures such as wearing masks, maintaining physical distance, washing hands frequently, and avoiding large gatherings to prevent the spread of the virus.


COVID-19 symptoms vary from mild to severe and may appear between 2 and 14 days after exposure to the virus. Common symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, and difficulty breathing. Other symptoms may include loss of taste or smell, muscle aches, sore throat, and headache. In severe cases, COVID-19 can lead to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and death.


There is currently no specific treatment for COVID-19. However, various treatments are being tested in clinical trials, including antiviral drugs, immunomodulators, and convalescent plasma. Vaccines are the primary method of controlling the spread of COVID-19, and many have been authorized for emergency use globally. Vaccines significantly reduce the risk of severe illness, hospitalization, and death.


COVID-19 has had significant economic and social impacts globally. The pandemic has disrupted supply chains, affected global trade, and caused job losses. The travel and tourism industry has been severely affected, leading to a decline in revenue for many countries. The pandemic has also exacerbated inequalities, with vulnerable groups such as low-income earners, women, and minorities being disproportionately affected.


COVID-19 is a global health emergency that has significantly impacted human health, economies, and social activities worldwide. The WHO recommends measures such as wearing masks, maintaining physical distance, washing hands frequently, and avoiding large gatherings to prevent the spread of the virus. Vaccines are the primary method of controlling the spread of COVID-19, and many have been authorized for emergency use globally. While the pandemic has caused significant disruptions, it has also highlighted the importance of preparedness, cooperation, and solidarity in tackling global health challenges.


How to be a Good Driver

man driving

Driving refers to the act of operating a vehicle to transport oneself or others from one place to another. It involves controlling the vehicle’s speed, direction, and other functions while following traffic laws and rules of the road.

There are various reasons why people may choose to drive, such as for commuting to work or school, running errands, traveling, or leisure activities. Some may find driving enjoyable, while others may see it as a necessity for their daily lives.

Driving can be a complex task that requires a combination of physical and cognitive skills, including hand-eye coordination, reaction time, spatial awareness, decision-making, and attention. It is important for drivers to be alert, focused, and responsible to ensure their safety and the safety of others on the road.

How to be a good driver

Being a good driver involves several skills and behaviors that ensure your safety and the safety of others on the road. Here are some tips on how to become a good driver:

  1. Follow traffic rules and regulations: Always obey traffic laws, signals, and signs. This includes stopping at stop signs, using turn signals, and driving within the speed limit.
  2. Be aware of your surroundings: Keep your eyes on the road and be aware of what’s happening around you. Watch out for pedestrians, other vehicles, and road hazards.
  3. Stay focused: Avoid distractions such as texting, eating, or using your phone while driving. Keep both hands on the wheel and your mind focused on driving.
  4. Keep a safe distance: Maintain a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you. The recommended following distance is three seconds.
  5. Use your mirrors: Check your mirrors frequently to be aware of what’s happening behind you.
  6. Use your signals: Use your turn signals to communicate your intentions to other drivers.
  7. Be patient: Practice patience and avoid aggressive driving behaviors such as tailgating, cutting off other drivers, or speeding.
  8. Maintain your vehicle: Regularly maintain your vehicle to ensure that it is in good working condition.
  9. Practice defensive driving: Be prepared for the unexpected and anticipate potential hazards on the road.

Tips on good and comfortable driving.

In addition to being a safe driver, here are some tips on how to be a good and comfortable driver:

  1. Adjust your seat and steering wheel: Make sure your seat is adjusted to a comfortable position and your steering wheel is in a comfortable position. Adjust the mirrors to give you the best view of the road.
  2. Wear comfortable clothing: Wear comfortable clothing that allows you to move easily and does not restrict your movement.
  3. Take breaks: Take breaks during long drives to stretch your legs and avoid fatigue.
  4. Keep the interior clean: Keep the interior of your vehicle clean and clutter-free to help create a comfortable and relaxing environment.
  5. Use cruise control: Use cruise control on long, straight stretches of road to maintain a steady speed and reduce driver fatigue.
  6. Use air conditioning: Use air conditioning or open windows to maintain a comfortable temperature inside the vehicle.
  7. Listen to relaxing music: Listen to relaxing music or audiobooks to help reduce stress and make the driving experience more enjoyable.
  8. Avoid rush hour traffic: If possible, avoid driving during peak traffic hours to reduce stress and make the driving experience more comfortable.

By following these tips, you can make your driving experience more comfortable and enjoyable. Remember to always prioritize safety while driving, and do not let any distractions interfere with your focus on the road.

What to do if you are involved in a car accident

If you are involved in a car accident, it’s important to stay calm and take the following steps:

  1. Check for injuries: Check yourself and others for injuries. If anyone is seriously injured, call for medical assistance immediately.
  2. Move to a safe location: If possible, move your vehicle to a safe location away from traffic. Turn on your hazard lights and use warning triangles or flares to alert other drivers.
  3. Call the police: Call the police and report the accident. Provide your location and a description of what happened.
  4. Exchange information: Exchange contact and insurance information with the other driver(s) involved in the accident. Take photos of the damage to both vehicles and any injuries.
  5. File an accident report: Report the accident to your insurance company and file a police report. Provide all the necessary information, including the names and contact information of any witnesses.
  6. Seek medical attention: If you are injured, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Even if you don’t feel any pain or discomfort immediately after the accident, it’s still a good idea to get checked out by a doctor to ensure that there are no hidden injuries.
  7. Cooperate with authorities: Cooperate with the police and your insurance company throughout the investigation and claims process.

Remember, it’s important to never admit fault or apologize for the accident, as this can be seen as an admission of guilt. Let the authorities and insurance companies determine who is at fault based on the facts and evidence.

Equipment you can use at home for soap making

Most equipment used  for making soap at home are available in your Kitchen.

Soap making

Soap making equipments

  1. Heat and corrosion resistant bowls: this could be heat resistant plastic bowls or stainless steel bowls. Wooden or aluminum bowls should be avoided. 
  2. Electric scales and pipettes: Soap making is a precision process. The ingredients have to be mixed in the exact quantity. The makes the high precision electric scales and pipettes essential tools to have.
  1. Corrosion resistant pots and spoons: pots and spoons should be able to resist the corrosiveness of caustic soda or lye. Aluminum and wooden spoons should be avoided.
  2. PH indicators: this helps to measure the power of the lye and also ensure that the PH of the soap making ingredients is within accetable levels.
  3. Moulds: moulds for soap making are available in a wide range sizes. Soap moulds can be made of plastic, silicone or stainless steel material
  4. Cutters: for cutting the soap into standard sizes after it has hardened.

Tips for using Social Media in a Healthy Way

Lady on social media

We are in the age of social media hype. Social media has made it easier for people to interact with one another, pass across important information, express one’s self and feelings. The benefits social media has brought is huge, However there are demerits.

Asides the possibility of being too addictive, it has also made it easier to disseminate fake news, cyber bullying, scams, reveal other people’s privacy and so on.

As a social media user it pays to be responsible. Are you the same person on social media and offline?If not, then ask yourself why. When you are on social media, always think about your behavior and how it would affect others.

Here are some tips that would help you to responsibly manage your social media lifestyle;

  1. Limit the time you spend online. Don’t let it deprive you of good sleep. Be disciplined with the time you allocate online. 
  2. Educate yourself on responsible use of social media apps. Many apps are designed to get you addicted. Social media is big business.
  3. Talk openly and truthfully about what you see on social media.
  4. Manage your online content wisely. Consume the good stuff and do everything within your power to avoid or filter out the bad stuff. What makes you positive and improves your lifestyle is what you should do on social media.
  5. Don’t be selfish or self-centered, think carefully about how the content you disseminate on social media affect others.

How to make hand sanitizer

Hand sanitizer

The worldwide covid 19 spread brought about the relevance of hand sanitizers. Since our hands easily come in contact with germs and viruses including coronaviruses, hand sanitizers became necessary to purify our hands and reduce the spread of this deadly virus.

Hand sanitizers are available in supermarkets and stores. It’s also easy to make. This article will focus on how to make hand sanitizers for yourself.

Items needed to make hand sanitizer.

Isopropyl Alcohol ( up to 99% volume).

Aloe Vera Gel.

Lemon juice.

Method of making your own hand sanitizer

The world health organization recommends at least 60% of the hand sanitizer should be alcohol. Alcohol is the main ingredient that kills the germs, aloe vera prevents the alcohol from drying out too quickly and the lemon juice acts as a sort of fragrance.

Mixing two parts of Isopropyl alcohol to one part of aloe vera gel plus 10 drops of lemon juice will give you hand sanitizer.

Some doctors also recommend 3 parts of alcohol to one part of aloe vera gel.


Isopropyl alcohol and aloe vera gel is readily available in local stores around you. You can easily buy a lemon fruit from a fruit store and extract its juice.

You can also process aloe vera leaves and extract its gel. Just wash the leaves, peel its outer leaf skin and blend the inner contents to liquify the gel.

How to Command Respect For Yourself

1…Stop looking for who is not looking for you.

2… Stop begging.

3…Stop saying more than  necessary.

4…When people disrespect you, ignore them.

5…Don’t eat other people’s food more than they eat yours.

6…Reduce how you visit some people, especially if they don’t reciprocate it.

7…Invest in yourself. Make yourself happy.

8… Stop entertaining gossip about other people.

9…Think before you talk. 80% of how people value you is what comes out of your mouth.

10… Always look your best. Dress the way you should be addressed.

11… Be an achiever. Get busy with your goals

12…Respect your time.

13… Don’t stay in a relationship where you don’t feel respected and valued. Walk away.

14… Learn to spend money on yourself. That’s how people will learn to spend on you.

15… Be scarce sometimes.

16…Be a giver more than a receiver.

17…Don’t go where you are not invited. And when invited don’t overstay your welcome.

18…Treat people exactly the way they deserve.

19… Except they owe you money, two call attempts is enough. If they value you they will call you back.

20…Be good at what you do.