Cultivating a small scale maize plantation

Harvested maize

Maize (corn) is a very popular crop that is easy to cultivate. It takes  about 3 months for the crop to mature for harvest. And if  you require drier grains,wait till after four months.

Health benefits of maize

Maize has been a stable source of food for mankind. It is very rich in carbohydrates and vitamins. It also contains, to a lesser degree; protein, sugar, fiber and fat.

Uses of maize as Food

Cooked corn starch is very nutritious for adults and children. A very nutritious food for babies from 6 months upward. Infact corn food products are a large content of baby/toddler food. Some common maize food products are corn flakes, corn starch, cornflour used in making bread, doughnuts, pancakes and much more.Freshly cooked or roasted  maize is a very popular snack. The application of maize in different food products is extensive.

Saving cost

If you consume a lot of cooked or roasted corn, corn starch or as feed for  chickens, it will be a good idea to have a small corn farm.  With half to one plot of land, you can reduce the cost of your maize consumption.if you have undeveloped land property or a large compound, you can cultivate maize. Maize plantation on a plot of land can yield over 70kg of grains.

How to plant corn

Maize plantation
Maize plantation

First things first; prepare the land for planting. The land must be cleared of weeds.You may make heaps to protect the crop from top soil wash off due to rain.

You can obtain planting seeds from grain sellersor agricultural institutes. Make sure you plant healthy seeds.You can plant about three seeds together and at a space of about 0.5 meters from another set.

Make sure your plantation is free from goats and other herbivorous can also protect the plants from pest by using agricultural insecticide.

How to Make Millet Starch at Home

Millet . two types of grains shown

Millet starch is produced from millet. It is a very cheap good food for children, particularly toddlers. You can make it at home if you have a blender.

Items you need prepare millet starch;

  1. Millet ( at least 1kg)
  2. Blender
  3. Clean buckets, bowls or container. (large enough to store and soak the millet grains)
  4. Water
  5. Sieving cloth bag


  1. Soak the millet with water inside a container for about 4 days. This is to soften the grains and make it easier to blend.
  2. Blend the millet grains. Using water, blend grains into a smooth paste as much as possible.
  3. Get ready clean water in a bucket or container up to half its capacity, and while holding the sieving cloth bag inside the bucket, pour the blended millet paste into it.
  4. You can use your left hand to seal the top of the sieve bag, and with the filled bottom part of the bag in water, wash and squeeze out the starch content into the water.
  5. Remove the shaft residue in the sieve bag.

You should sieve the blended millet paste little by little. You can even blend and then sieve, and repeat process until all millet grains is processed.

  • Wait a day for the starch to settle
  • Your millet starch is ready.
millet starch

How to make Palm Kernel Seed Oil at home

Palm kernel seed oil
Palm Kernel Seed Oil

Items you will need to make palm kernel seed oil

  1. Palm kernel seeds. To extract substantial quantity you will need up to 1 congo or seeds weighting about 1.5kg
  2. An old cooking pot
  3. A metal cooking spoon for stirring
  4. A cooking device, for example a camp gas or an electric cooker


This process generates a lot of white smoke, its safest doing this out doors at the backyard of your home.

Processing of palm seed oil

  1. The first step is to crush the palm kernel shells to remove the seeds. To extract a substantial amount of oil you will need up to 1.5kg of seeds.
  2. Put the seeds into a clean dry cooking pot and place on your activated cooking device. The process will generate a lot of smoke so put on your nose marks if necessary.
  3. Start stirring the seeds with a metal spoon. This is to distribute the cooking heat evenly across the seeds. Stirring should be done intermittently say every 30sec to 1min intervals.
  4. Keep stirring intermittently until. Smoke begin to form. This indicates oil is beginning to extract from the heated seeds.
  5. Keep on stirring, After substantial amount of oil is extracted you can pour into a metal bowl
  6. Continue the previous process until all oil in the seeds is extracted.
  7. When all oil in the seeds have been extracted the seed will look burnt inside out
  8. Finally let the oil cool down and pour into a clean plastic Bottle.
  9. You can extract over 250ml of oil from 1.5kg of seeds.