How to make Sweetened Grapefruit Juice

Grape fruit is a citrus fruit that has a bitter sweet taste.

It is rich in vitamins A and C. It does not have a significant negative impact on blood sugar levels. A ripe grapefruit can measure about 15cm in diameter and more. It is the size of at least 4 orange fruits.

The fruit can be consumed as a whole, juice or pulp.

I will show you how to easily prepare a sweetened grapefruit juice that has an improved sweet bitter taste you will love.

This procedure will require removing the pulp of the fruit, so use thoroughly washed hands.

Process; How to make sweetened grapefruit juice.

Wash the fruit and peel of its outer skin.

Next cut it open and remove the pulp. You can do this using your fingers and with the help of a knife.

Blend the pulp and sieve the mixture to extract the juice into a bowl.

Mix the juice with a bottle of Fanta orange.

Serve chilled, the taste is lovely.

Cultivating a small scale maize plantation

Harvested maize

Maize (corn) is a very popular crop that is easy to cultivate. It takes  about 3 months for the crop to mature for harvest. And if  you require drier grains,wait till after four months.

Health benefits of maize

Maize has been a stable source of food for mankind. It is very rich in carbohydrates and vitamins. It also contains, to a lesser degree; protein, sugar, fiber and fat.

Uses of maize as Food

Cooked corn starch is very nutritious for adults and children. A very nutritious food for babies from 6 months upward. Infact corn food products are a large content of baby/toddler food. Some common maize food products are corn flakes, corn starch, cornflour used in making bread, doughnuts, pancakes and much more.Freshly cooked or roasted  maize is a very popular snack. The application of maize in different food products is extensive.

Saving cost

If you consume a lot of cooked or roasted corn, corn starch or as feed for  chickens, it will be a good idea to have a small corn farm.  With half to one plot of land, you can reduce the cost of your maize consumption.if you have undeveloped land property or a large compound, you can cultivate maize. Maize plantation on a plot of land can yield over 70kg of grains.

How to plant corn

Maize plantation
Maize plantation

First things first; prepare the land for planting. The land must be cleared of weeds.You may make heaps to protect the crop from top soil wash off due to rain.

You can obtain planting seeds from grain sellersor agricultural institutes. Make sure you plant healthy seeds.You can plant about three seeds together and at a space of about 0.5 meters from another set.

Make sure your plantation is free from goats and other herbivorous can also protect the plants from pest by using agricultural insecticide.

How to Make Millet Starch at Home

Millet . two types of grains shown

Millet starch is produced from millet. It is a very cheap good food for children, particularly toddlers. You can make it at home if you have a blender.

Items you need prepare millet starch;

  1. Millet ( at least 1kg)
  2. Blender
  3. Clean buckets, bowls or container. (large enough to store and soak the millet grains)
  4. Water
  5. Sieving cloth bag


  1. Soak the millet with water inside a container for about 4 days. This is to soften the grains and make it easier to blend.
  2. Blend the millet grains. Using water, blend grains into a smooth paste as much as possible.
  3. Get ready clean water in a bucket or container up to half its capacity, and while holding the sieving cloth bag inside the bucket, pour the blended millet paste into it.
  4. You can use your left hand to seal the top of the sieve bag, and with the filled bottom part of the bag in water, wash and squeeze out the starch content into the water.
  5. Remove the shaft residue in the sieve bag.

You should sieve the blended millet paste little by little. You can even blend and then sieve, and repeat process until all millet grains is processed.

  • Wait a day for the starch to settle
  • Your millet starch is ready.
millet starch

How to make Palm Kernel Seed Oil at home

Palm kernel seed oil
Palm Kernel Seed Oil

Items you will need to make palm kernel seed oil

  1. Palm kernel seeds. To extract substantial quantity you will need up to 1 congo or seeds weighting about 1.5kg
  2. An old cooking pot
  3. A metal cooking spoon for stirring
  4. A cooking device, for example a camp gas or an electric cooker


This process generates a lot of white smoke, its safest doing this out doors at the backyard of your home.

Processing of palm seed oil

  1. The first step is to crush the palm kernel shells to remove the seeds. To extract a substantial amount of oil you will need up to 1.5kg of seeds.
  2. Put the seeds into a clean dry cooking pot and place on your activated cooking device. The process will generate a lot of smoke so put on your nose marks if necessary.
  3. Start stirring the seeds with a metal spoon. This is to distribute the cooking heat evenly across the seeds. Stirring should be done intermittently say every 30sec to 1min intervals.
  4. Keep stirring intermittently until. Smoke begin to form. This indicates oil is beginning to extract from the heated seeds.
  5. Keep on stirring, After substantial amount of oil is extracted you can pour into a metal bowl
  6. Continue the previous process until all oil in the seeds is extracted.
  7. When all oil in the seeds have been extracted the seed will look burnt inside out
  8. Finally let the oil cool down and pour into a clean plastic Bottle.
  9. You can extract over 250ml of oil from 1.5kg of seeds.

Palm Kernel Soup

Banga soup

Palm kernel soup otherwise known as Banga Soup is a Nigerian delicacy prepared from the juice extracted from palm kernels. Basically, the palm kernel juice is boiled and then other soup ingredients such as spices, meat, fish, and vegetables are added to make the soup. It is delicious if well prepared. It is usually served with eba, fufu, or pounded yam.

The process of cooking palm kernel soup is basically the same, however, the type of spices, meat, fish, or other soup ingredients added, differ.

Ingredients required to cook Banga soup:

Ingredients required to cook palm kernel soup (banga soup)
Ingredients required to cook palm kernel soup (banga soup)

1 congo (1.5kg) of palm kernels

Spices: seasoning, salt, scent leaf, other types of spicing.

Meat or fish: boiled, dried or roasted meat can be used. The same for fish; can be boiled or dried.

Various type of meat, or fish can be used to cook this type of soup.

Process of cooking Banga soup:

  1. Boil the Palm kernel until the flesh covering the seeds becomes soft.
  2. Put the cooked kernels in a mortar, then use a pestle to pound the kernel lightly and in the process peeling or removing the cook flesh covering the seeds.  
  3. Pour water into the mixture in the mortar and stir.
  4. Using a sieve, squeeze out the juice from the mortar mixture into a cooking pot.
  5. Cook the palm kernel juice for about 10 minutes or until you see oil forming at the top of the boiling mixture.
    1. Spice and boil/ steam meat or fish as required. If the meat is already roasted or the fish is fresh, you can just add to the cooking soup.
  6. To the boiling palm kernel juice, add spicing the prepared meat or fish
  7. Leave to boil for about 5 to 10 minutes.
  8. Then soup is ready.

To watch a fast +1 minute video on how to cook palm kernel soup (banga soup) click this LINK to watch video

Use of Soya Beans in your Local Diet.

Soya beans

Soya Beans Milk

  1. Pre-soak 0.5kg or 2 cups of soya beans for 9-10 hours.
  2. Remove the skin of the soya beans
  3. Grind/blend into smooth paste
  4. Pour 1-2 litres of water in a bowl and mix thoroughly with the blended soya beans
  5. Pour into a clean porous cloth bag and squeeze to drain the raw soya milk into a cooking bowl. (the shaft is useful to prepare other type of food; keep it).
  6. Put the  raw soay milk to boil under low medium heat for 35-40 minutes
  7. Remove the foam produced at the top of the boil; it be used to make soya egg.
  8. Consume product like cow milk, you can add sugar to taste.

Soya Egg.

  1. Add few drops of vinegar to the foam collected from the milk.
  2. Add salt, tomato and onions then fry with vegetable oil.
  3. End product is like scrambled eggs.

Soya beans shaft.( Uses)

  1. Add  cut onions to the shaft to aggregate
  2. The product now looking like moistened egusi can be added to soup.
  3. Cook well.

Soya Melon.

  1. Soak soya beans in water for 9-10 hours.
  2. Remove the skin and wash thoroughly.
  3. Sun dry.
  4. Grind into semi powder
  5. Add to vegetable soup as you would do with melon.

Fermented Soya Beans (similar to locust beans or IRU).

  1. Put water to boil.
  2. Pour soya beans into boiled water. The boiled water should cover. the soya beans completely. Leave to boil for 1 hour.
  3. Allow boiled beans to cool and remove the beans skin, thereafter; wash thoroughly.
  4. Put the beans into a pot and cover with cold water. Bring to boil and then cook slowly for 2 hours or until the beans tastes like boiled groundnuts.
  5. Drain off excess water.
  6. Line a clean basket with clean flat large leaves. (pawpaw or plantain leaves preferred)
  7. Empty the cooked, hot beans into the basket spread uniformly and cover with the leaves. Cover the basket also with a tray or calabash. Warp with a blanket or jute bag.
  8. Leave the basket in a warm place preferably near a fireplace for 48 hours.
  9. After 48 hours it is ready for use.
  10. (Optional) you can shape the fermented beans into little portions and sundry.

Soya Akara


  1. 1 cup of soya beans.
  2. 2 cups of local beans.
  3. 1 medium sized onions.
  4. Pepper and salt to taste.


  1. Soak soya beans overnight and wash off the coat thoroughly.
  2. Soak the local beans for 20-30mins and wash off the coat thoroughly.
  3. Grind both type of beans together to a fine paste.
  4. Cut the onions and pepper into fine chips.
  5. Mix the beans with the finely cut onions and pepper.
  6. Deep fry with oil.
  7. Serve.