How to see all software installed on your windows based pc

To see a list of software installed on your Windows-based PC, you can follow these steps:

1. **Using Windows Settings**:

   a. Open the “Settings” app. You can do this by pressing `Windows + I` keys or clicking the Start button and selecting “Settings.”

   b. In the Settings window, click on “Apps.”

   c. On the left sidebar, you can select “Apps & features” to see a list of all installed applications.

2. **Using Control Panel**:

   a. Open the Control Panel. You can do this by searching for “Control Panel” in the Windows search bar.

   b. In the Control Panel, click on “Programs” or “Programs and Features” (depending on your Windows version). This will display a list of installed programs.

3. **Using Command Prompt or PowerShell**:

   a. Open Command Prompt or PowerShell as an administrator. You can do this by searching for “cmd” or “PowerShell” in the Windows search bar, right-clicking the result, and selecting “Run as administrator.”

   b. Use the following command to list all installed programs:

      – For Command Prompt: `wmic product get name`

      – For PowerShell: `Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_Product | Select-Object -Property Name`

A quicker way is to type apps & features on the search bar as shown in the video below;

How to see all hardware components installed on your windows 10 PC

A list of installed hardware in a Laptop

To see a list of all hardware components installed on your Windows 10 PC, you can use the “Device Manager.” Here’s how to access it:

1. Press `Windows + X` keys together to open the Quick Link menu.

2. From the Quick Link menu, select “Device Manager.” This will open the Device Manager window.

3. In the Device Manager, you’ll find a categorized list of hardware components, including items such as Display Adapters (for your graphics card), Processors (for your CPU), Sound, video and game controllers (for audio devices), Network adapters (for network-related hardware), and many more.

4. Click on each category to expand and view the specific hardware components within them. You can see details about your hardware, including the manufacturer and driver information.

This will allow you to see and manage the hardware components installed on your Windows 10 PC.

Alternatively, you can type device manager in the Windows search bar and follow the demonstration as shown in the video below:

How to view all pc specs of a windows based PC

PC Specifications

To view all the specifications (specs) of a Windows-based PC, you can use various methods and tools. Here are a few ways to do this:

1. **Using System Information**:

   – Press `Windows + R` to open the Run dialog.

   – Type “msinfo32” and press Enter. This will open the System Information window.

   – In the left pane, you can navigate through different categories to view details about your hardware, software, and more.

2. **Using DirectX Diagnostic Tool**:

   – Press `Windows + R` to open the Run dialog.

   – Type “dxdiag” and press Enter. This will open the DirectX Diagnostic Tool, which provides information about your system’s components and settings.

3. **Using Third-Party System Information Tools**:

   – There are third-party tools like CPU-Z, Speccy, and HWiNFO that can provide detailed information about your PC’s hardware specifications. Download and install one of these tools, and they will provide a comprehensive overview of your system specs.

4. **Using PowerShell** (for some basic information):

   – Open PowerShell as an administrator (search for “PowerShell” in the Windows search bar, right-click, and select “Run as administrator”).

   – You can use commands like `Get-WmiObject` to retrieve hardware information. For example, you can use `Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_ComputerSystem` for general system information.

These methods will help you view detailed information about your Windows-based PC, including CPU, RAM, graphics card, storage, and other hardware specifications.

Alternatively you can type dxdiag on the search bar and follow the demonstrations shown in the video below: 

What to look out for when Purchasing a Laptop


purchasing Laptop

When purchasing a laptop, there are several important factors that you should consider. Here are some key things to look out for:

Purpose and Usage: Consider your intended usage of the laptop. Will it be used for work, gaming, or casual browsing? This will help you determine what type of specifications and features you need.

Size and Portability: Think about how often you will be carrying your laptop around and how important portability is to you. A smaller laptop may be more portable, but may have fewer features.

Display and Resolution: The display size and resolution are important factors to consider, especially if you plan to use the laptop for gaming or video editing. A larger screen size and higher resolution will provide a better viewing experience.

Processor and RAM: The processor and amount of RAM determine the laptop’s performance. A more powerful processor and more RAM will be able to handle more demanding tasks.

Storage: The amount of storage you need will depend on how much data you plan to store on the laptop. Consider whether you need a traditional hard drive or a faster solid-state drive (SSD).

Battery Life: Battery life is important if you plan to use your laptop on-the-go. Look for laptops with long battery life, especially if you plan to use it for extended periods without access to a power source.

Price: Consider your budget when purchasing a laptop. Keep in mind that higher-end laptops will typically have more features and better performance, but they may also be more expensive.

Brand and Support: Consider the brand of the laptop and the level of customer support and warranty offered. It’s also a good idea to read reviews from other customers to get an idea of their experiences with the brand and its products.

Quantum Computing Overview

Quantum computing

Quantum computing is a rapidly advancing field of computer science that seeks to harness the unique properties of quantum mechanics to perform computations that would be infeasible or impossible with classical computers. At its core, quantum computing is based on the principles of quantum mechanics, which govern the behavior of matter and energy at the atomic and subatomic level.

One of the key features of quantum mechanics that makes quantum computing so powerful is the concept of superposition. In classical computing, a bit can only exist in one of two states – 0 or 1. In quantum computing, however, a quantum bit or qubit can exist in a superposition of both 0 and 1 states simultaneously. This allows quantum computers to perform many computations in parallel, which can lead to exponential speedup for certain types of problems.

Another important property of quantum mechanics is entanglement, which allows two or more qubits to become correlated in such a way that the state of one qubit can affect the state of another, regardless of the distance between them. This can be used to perform operations on multiple qubits simultaneously, which can again lead to significant speedup for certain types of problems.

One of the most well-known quantum algorithms is Shor’s algorithm, which can factor large numbers exponentially faster than the best-known classical algorithms. This has important implications for cryptography, since many encryption algorithms rely on the difficulty of factoring large numbers.

There are currently several different types of quantum hardware platforms being developed, including superconducting qubits, ion traps, and topological qubits. Each of these platforms has its own strengths and weaknesses, and researchers are still working to improve their performance and scalability.

Quantum computing is still a relatively new field, and there are many challenges that need to be overcome before practical quantum computers can be built. However, the potential benefits of quantum computing are so great that researchers and industry leaders around the world are investing heavily in this technology, and there is reason to be optimistic about its future.

Potential uses of Quantum Computing

Quantum computing has the potential to revolutionize many areas of science, technology, and industry. Here are some of the most promising applications of quantum computing:

Cryptography: As mentioned earlier, Shor’s algorithm can be used to factor large numbers much faster than classical algorithms. This has important implications for cryptography, since many encryption algorithms rely on the difficulty of factoring large numbers. Quantum computers could potentially break these encryption algorithms, but they could also be used to develop new, quantum-resistant encryption schemes.

Optimization: Many real-world problems involve finding the optimal solution among a large number of possibilities. Quantum computers are well-suited for this type of problem because they can perform many computations in parallel. This could be used to optimize supply chain logistics, financial portfolios, and even drug discovery.

Machine learning: Quantum computing could potentially be used to speed up certain types of machine learning algorithms, such as those used in image and speech recognition.

Simulation: Quantum computers could be used to simulate the behavior of molecules and materials at the quantum level. This could lead to new insights in fields such as chemistry and materials science.

Quantum communication: Quantum computing could be used to develop new, more secure forms of communication. For example, quantum key distribution could be used to transmit cryptographic keys that are inherently secure due to the laws of quantum mechanics.

Financial modeling: Quantum computing could be used to develop more accurate financial models that take into account the complex interactions between different factors.

Overall, quantum computing has the potential to transform many areas of science, technology, and industry. While there are still many challenges to overcome, the rapid progress being made in this field is cause for optimism.

4 Ways to Care for your PC/Laptop Hard Disk Drive

Hard disk drive

All your information including passwords, software license information is stored in the hard disk drive. The hard disk drive is the life of your PC, you lose it, and lose all your information, data, software etc

4 ways  to care for your hard disk drive

  1. Do not suddenly switch off your laptop/ PC or allow it to do so. If this phenomenon continues, it could cause irreparable damage to your hard disk drive
  2. Do not install pirated software. These software often come infected with viruses that in the long run can damage your hard disk drive
  3. Regularly clean and defragment your hard disk drive to keep it in optimum condition.
  4. If you have to remove your hard disk drive, then handle carefully, be very careful so that it doesn’t drop on the floor or be subjected to any hard impact.