How to calculate how much fuel your car consumes per kilometer

To know how much fuel your car consumes per kilometer, follow these steps.

1. Keep driving your car until the fuel level reaches reserve or fuel warning light starts blinking.

2 . Immediately get to the nearest filling station and fill up your car fuel tank. Note the amount of fuel (in liters) that was required to fill your tank from the fuel dispensing machine.

3. On your car dashboard set trip distance to zero from the trip meter, or write down the distance (in Km) covered by your car up to the point when you filled your fuel tank, from the odometer

4. Drive your car until fuel reaches reserve again.

5. At that point read the amount of distance covered by your car from the trip meter on your dashboard. Alternatively, read distance covered by car up to that point from the odometer and deduct from distance covered when you filled up tank at filling station.

6. Next divide the number of liters consumed (what was recorded at the filling station) by amount of distance covered.

For example, let’s say the amount of liters that filled up your car tank at the filling station was 35 liters, and at the time fuel depleted to reserve, you had covered a distance of 250Km driving, then amount of fuel consumed per kilometer can be calculated as follows;

35liters/250Km = 0.14liters/ Km

Or ,the distance covered per liter is 250km/35liters = 7.142Km per liter

Preventive measures that make it difficult for your car to get stolen.

  1. Never get out of your car even for a minute while leaving it running with the car key inside, a thief could just get in and speed off with it.
  2. Mind where you park your car, don’t park in lonely or dark places, your car may get stolen without anyone noticing.
  3. Ensure all car doors are locked and windows fully closed before leaving your car. Partially closed windows even a little space gives an opportunity for the car thief to easily break in.
  4. Park your car with the front facing an obstacle, this will make it less easy for a thief to maneuver your car and speed off.
  5. Do not keep your car papers/particulars inside your car; if your car ever gets stolen, it can aid the car thief in getting it out of reach.
  6. Never keep your spare or valet car key inside your car; car thieves always tend to know where it is kept.
  7. Make sure steering lock is engaged after parking your car.
  8. If your car has a security system or anti-lock device, understand how it works and use it to your advantage. Car thieves tend to avoid cars with anti-theft device at all cost.
  9. If your car doesn’t have an anti-theft device you can purchase a steering lock or clutch and brake locking device.
  10. Putting an anti-theft stickier on the rear windshield or car windows can help.
  11. Always observe your surroundings when driving and getting out of your car, ensure no one is trailing or monitoring your movements.
  12. If you purchased a second hand car, ensure you are giving all the car keys, they are usually 3; the original, spare and valet.
  13. If your car doesn’t have a tracker, you can install one. If your car ever gets stolen; the tracker can help know the car location and get it recovered.

Some Safety Driving Advice

Driving is a serious business; any mistakes could result in serious injury or even death. Good driving is a skill, you learn the first part at driving school and the other part during your driving experience.

Before Driving.

Check that your car is in perfect condition before driving, open the bonnet, check the level of engine oil on dipstick and confirm it is ok, check brake fluid level and also confirm it is ok, if either engine or brake oil is inadequate, you must refill before you start or move your car. Open the radiator and fill up with water if necessary, ensure no leakage of oil under the vehicle, check the tires, make sure they have adequate pressure and ensure that the nuts are tight.

Other things you should check before driving but not critical, include head lambs, brake lights traffic turning signals and horn; if any is malfunctioning, it should be repaired at your earliest convenience. If road safety officials stop your car and realizes any of these aren’t working, you may be fined

It is a good practice to put on your seat belt and put your phone on hands free mode before driving. Don’t drive under the influence or if you are sick.

During Driving.

Safe driving should be part and parcel of your daily driving habit. Always drive at safe speeds and distance from the vehicle in front of you, be patient and use your turning signals when negotiating a turn. Use the rear and side view mirrors to see what is around you. Anticipate mistakes that co- drivers and pedestrians can make in advance and take precautionary steps to avoid them.

Treat pedestrians with respect when driving, on a road with high population of people, drive slowly and use the horn. Remember a hit of your car on a pedestrian can result in you spending a lot of money on treatment, manslaughter charges or jail term.

When driving at night, or very dusty or foggy weather always use the headlamps and fog lights when necessary. To reduce glare when driving at night use the head lamps at low beam. Use high beam and fog lights during heavy rains.

When parking

Always park your car in a way it doesn’t obstruct traffic, don’t park in areas where your car is in danger of being hit. Engage the hand brakes when parking to prevent the car from moving. When bringing the car to a stop on a slope; in addition to engaging the hand brake put the gear in one or reverse or parking gear if your car uses automatic transmission.

Common meaning of abbreviation used in car manuals and dashboards.

As a driver and/or car owner, you may sometimes find it necessary to go read your car manual to resolve some issue or get some clarification, In the process you may notice some abbreviations used in the car manual that you don’t understand, although the meaning are usually somewhere in the manual, you may not have the patience to search the page. Sometimes it may be an abbreviation flashing up on your dashboard or written somewhere on the body of your car. Here are some commonly used abbreviations in car manuals /dashboards and their meanings.

ABS; Anti-Lock Brake System.

ACC; Accessory

ALR; Automatic Locking Retractor

CRS; Child Restraint System

ECU; Electronic Control Unit

EDR; Event Data Recorder

ELR; Emergency Locking Retractor

EPS; Electric Power Steering

GAWR; Gross Axle Weight Ratings

GVWR; Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

I/M; Emission inspection and maintenance

LED; Light Emitting Diode

LT; Light truck

M + S; Mud + Snow

MMT; Methylcy clopentadienyl Manganese Tricarbonyl

MTBE; Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether

OBD; On Board Diagnostics

ODO; Odometer

RES; Resume

SRS; Supplemental Restraint System

TIN; Tire Identification Number

TPMS; Tire Pressure Warning System

TWI; Treadwear Indicators

VIN; Vehicle Identification Number

Toyota Yaris 2019

Toyota Yaris 2019 sedan
Toyota Yaris 2019 sedan (Exterior)

Toyota Yaris has always known to be a fuel efficient car; Toyota Yaris 2019 comes with a combined fuel efficiency rating of 34 mpg, has a cute stylish elegant design that resembles the Toyota corolla. It boosts a direct injection 1.5 liters 4 cylinder engine, with a lot of power, Available in 3 models; L, LE and XLE, the L and LE models come with a 6 speed intelligent manual transmission, while the XLE model  come in 6 speed automatic transmission. Starting at $15,600, you too can own a Toyota Yaris 2019 sedan.

Toyota Yaris 2019 Exterior features

  1. Fog lights. (LE and XLE models)
  2. Halogen headlights (L and LE models), the XLE model comes with Automatic LED headlights.
  3. Rear taillights.
  4. Sporty front fascia with black mesh pattern
  5. Colour key power outside mirrors (L model) , powered outside mirrors with LED turn signal indicators (LE and XLE ) models.
  6. Rear spoilers ( LE and XLE) models.
  7. Dark grey alloy wheels (LE and XLE) models
  8. Rain sensing windshield wipers. (XLE) model
  9. Chrome exhaust
  10. Integrated FM/AM antenna

Toyota Yaris 2019 interior features

Toyota Yaris 2019 Sedan (interior)
  1. Air conditioning with dust filters; (L and LE) models, XLE model comes with automatic climate control.
  2. Fabric trimmed seats; (L and LE) models, XLE model come with Leather trimmed car seats.
  3. Sport driving mode for XLE model.
  4. Steering wheels with audio control buttons; (L and LE) models, steering wheels comes with audio and phone controls for XLE model.
  5. All models comes with speedometer, tachometer, cruise control, trip meter, outside temperature  and warning messages
  6. Power door locks; all models.
  7. Remote keyless entry and push button start.
  8. Power windows, rear window defogger, day/night rear view mirrors, storage compartments, digital clock among others.
  9. 7 touch screen display, FM/Am radio, six speakers, wireless hands free  phone receiver  and music streaming with Bluetooth technology.

Toyota Yaris 2019 safety features

All Toyota Yaris 2019 models come equipped with low speed pre collision system, traction control system, brake assist, brake override system, antilock brake system, 6 airbags for front , side and back, enhanced seat belts, child protector rear door locks, tire pressure monitor, first aid kit and engine immobilizer.

Toyota Yaris 2019 engine specs and performance

All Yaris 2019 models come with 1.5 liter 4 cylinder, 106hp engine. Ultra low emission, front wheel drive, enhanced suspension system for smoother driving, electric power steering, turning circle diameter and minimum turning radius of 32.2 and 16.1 ft. respectively.

Toyota Yaris 2019 dimension/ weight/capacity

Overall height, width and length; 1.49m, 1.69m and 4.35m respectively. Ground clearance; 0.14m and seating capacity of 5. Curb weight of the L LE and XLE models are 1081.8kg, 1089.1kg and 1125.8kg respectively. Fuel tank capacity for the three models; 43.9 liters

What to check for when buying a used car

If you don’t have enough money to purchase a new car. Purchasing a used car outright may be a good option. However, you should be much more careful when making a purchase for a used car. Buying a used car comes with the high risk of unexpected repairs which may not be economical for you in the long run.

Make sure you buy a car you can afford and save money for minor repairs.

It is cheaper to buy a used car from the owner than from a car dealer.

Carefully check for these things in a used car before you buy;

  1. Start the car and listen to sound of the engine. Confirm that the engine sound is smooth and white or black smoke is not coming out of the exhausts.
  2. Check underneath the car for any sign of oil leakage be it engine or transmission oil leakage. Oil leakage can be a sign of minor or major problem.
  3. Check all the car safety features, such as brakes, headlights, indicator lights, horns, and wipers and so on.
  4. Test drive the car and check out the performance of brakes, gears, steering, suspension, shock absorbers. Also drive the car up a hill and note its performance.
  5. You must confirm that the car engine and transmission are in good condition as these are the most expensive parts of the car to replace.
  6. If car engine is emitting black smoke, strongly consider not buying the car.
  7. Check that the car interior is not too worn out.
  8. If you decide to buy the car, make sure you collect all documents relating to the car from the owner, make sure you confirm the real ownership of the car.
  9. You can also check the vehicle history report using the car’s VIN. VIN is the car’s unique vehicle identification number usually located in a metal strip on the dashboard or the driver side door. note that VIN is the same as FRAME or CHASSIS number.You can check your car history at websites such as carfax.com or autocheck.com.