There are several classes of medications that are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. Some of the most commonly prescribed medications include:
These medications relax blood vessels by blocking the production of a hormone that narrows blood vessels. Examples include lisinopril, enalapril, and ramipril.
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
These medications work by blocking the effects of a hormone that narrows blood vessels. Examples include losartan, valsartan, and candesartan.
Calcium channel blockers`
These medications relax blood vessels by blocking the entry of calcium into muscle cells in the walls of the blood vessels. Examples include amlodipine, verapamil, and diltiazem.
These medications help the body get rid of excess salt and water, which can reduce the amount of fluid in the blood vessels and lower blood pressure. Examples include hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, and furosemide.
These medications reduce the heart rate and the force of the heart’s contractions, which can lower blood pressure. Examples include atenolol, metoprolol, and propranolol.
This class of medication works by inhibiting the action of an enzyme that stimulates the production of a hormone that can raise blood pressure. The only renin inhibitor currently available is aliskiren.
It’s important to note that different people may respond differently to different medications, and it may take some trial and error to find the medication or combination of medications that works best for an individual. Only a licensed healthcare provider can diagnose and treat high blood pressure, so it’s important to work with your doctor to determine the best course of treatment for you.